Skill development is important for people who are exposed to lesser job opportunities due to their limited education level. And the best way to develop skills is through vocational training in different areas. Such nature of training is not just limited to school education but also in agriculture, pharmacy, architecture, information technology, labour, medium and small industries as well as hotel management.
Vocational Skills Customized for All
Agricultural farmers approach a vocational training NGO, where they are imparted skills to use agricultural implements and machinery, conserve soil and process, test and manage the quality of food. Students can receive the apprenticeship training or take up a computer-related course in DOEACC ‘O’ level. For the labour, government provides expertise in craftsmanship and offers supervisory training. Industrial workers may look for jobs after pursuing an entrepreneurship development vocational training programme.
And, the textile industry workers can go for skill upgradation through decentralized training at the grassroot level. Young women can gain skills in preservation of vegetables and fruits and become experts in marketable trades. The educational sector has a major role to play in imparting vocational expertise to the lesser educated and vulnerable sections of the society. This step is quite helpful in catering to the huge problem of unemployment prevalent in our country.
Reasons Behind Underemployment
The difficulty actually sprouts from the high school dropout rates owing to poor education, working to support family income since an early age and lack of information about the job market. Also, what adds to the woes is not having the right skills needed for the nature of employment they seek. Many at times, people accept a work profile that pays them in daily wages without having an idea of the total amount of pay they should get or the opportunities they are ideal for.
Needs to Be Met
An appreciable effort could be designing youth skilling programmes that are sustainable for them yet provide practical knowledge to the needy in order to attract employers and encourage entrepreneurship. Another necessity is to build confidence among the youth and ensure a strong foundation for them in the world of professionalism. However, the labour requirements of growing sectors must also be met.
Employment Readiness Training
Also, opportunities are created through mentoring entrepreneurs and offering financial support to them. Now, what the non-profit organisations do is establish general skilling centres for vocational training. Here, the aspirants are trained in employment readiness and soft skills for both professional and personal growth. They can choose from many options available in specific courses – Desktop Publishing, Retail, Tally, Mobile Repair, Hardware and Networking, Driving and White Goods Repair.
As far as the entrepreneurship programmes are concerned, they are basically designed for women who are offered material and skill assistance to start their own businesses. For instance, tailoring and beauty entrepreneurship programme are inducted by many NGOs into the training module they adopt.