Noun: The first step to learning English Grammar is to understand the parts of speech. When it comes to the parts of speech you must understand what is Noun. Always remember that Noun is a part of speech and it can be names of a person, place, thing, idea, action or quality.
It has been divided into two categories namely Proper nouns: It’s generally a name of a person, place or thing, whilst Common nouns can be divided into various including abstract, collective, compound etc. For example, I have a dog. (Here dog is common noun).
Pronoun: Simply, a pronoun is the word that replaces the noun in a sentence in order to avoid repetition of the same word. The most common pronouns are Personal Pronoun (I, he, she), Possessive Pronoun (me, his, her) and Reflexive Pronouns (myself, himself, herself) etc.
Verb: It is a word that expressed the condition or state of being or an action/activity. It has characterized into two: Action Verb and Linking Verb. Then again, with regards to helping verb, Auxiliary Verb is one of the most imperative yet basic helping verbs (function verb).
For example, I love mango. (Here love is Verb).
David placed the ball. (placed is Action Verb)
Sneha was the only student. (was is Linking Verb)
Do you like chocolate? (Do is Auxiliary Verb)
Adverb: It is the word that normally changes or modifies the verb. For example, she slowly walks. (Here slowly is adverb).
Adjective: It is an expressive word that describes a noun. Simply, the adjective is size, shape, age, color, happy etc. For example, it’s a green box (Green is a color adjective).
Preposition: One of the most important features of grammar is the preposition. In fact, a sentence will not make any sense without the correct use of preposition. It describes the way, the time, the positions etc. The most commonly use prepositions are, of, to, and, for etc.
Conjunction: Simply conjunction is a word that we use with an aim to link together. It is normally placed in between words. For example, the words like and, nor, but, so, yet, or etc.
Interjection:It’s a part of speech that expresses an emotion or feeling of author or writer. Interjections are generally followed by punctuation marks. For example: oh my god! (Here! mark is interjection).
Secondly, in order to learn English grammar, you need to understand tense.
Tense:Tense is one of the most important features in English grammar. It is a form taken by a verb; it helps the reader to understand better as it describes the time of an action. The concept of tense normally changes the spelling of the verb. Tense has been divided into two types Morphological tense (like was and went) and Auxiliary tense (was going or is running).
On the other hand, there are three main verb tenses; the past, present, and future. Whilst each tense is divided into; simple, continuous, perfect and perfect continuous.
Present tense: (true when the words are spoken or written)
Past tense: (true before the words were spoken or written)
Future tense: (true after the words are spoken or written)
The 12 subdivisions verbs tense are:
Simple Present, Simple Past, Simple Future
Present Continuous, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous
Past Continuous, Past Perfect, Past Perfect Continuous
Future Continuous, Future Perfect, Future Perfect Continuous